What Exactly Is HGH?
Human Growth Hormone (HGH) is a chemical substance produced by the pituitary gland and is the hormone that creates growth in children and in teenagers. It also controls body fluids, sugar and fat metabolism, and muscle and bone growth amongst other things.
In the mid 1980′s a synthetic version of HGH was produce by drug companies in order to treat poor growth rate in children as well as poor kidney growth, poor muscle growth, and a disorder affecting the growth of young girls. Synthetic HGH is also used to treat diseases such as HIV and AIDS in adults, certain bowel problems, and HGH problems caused by pituitary gland disease and or tumors.
Some studies have also shown better mental health in adults suffering from certain psychological conditions caused by lower levels of HGH in the body naturally. It is also possible that HGH may reduce cholesterol.
Use of HGH
However, since synthetic HGH was produced, it has also been taken on board by bodybuilders who have used it along with anabolic steroids in the belief that it would increase muscle growth, stamina, and so on. No studies have been carried out which would support this belief.
In addition it has been believed to reverse the aging process, simply because the levels of HGH in the body automatically decrease with aging.
HGH naturally declines in the body after the age of 20 or so since the body no longer needs to grow. Continued growth after this age can lead to rare cases of gigantism.
However, it has been found that obese adults have a lower level of HGH than normal weight adults. For this reason some people have assumed that taking HGH, either orally or by injection, could boost weight loss in the obese.
New England Journal of Medicine Studies
Indeed in 1990 the New England Journal Of Medicine reported that a study showed injections of HGH reduced weight by 14% without any change in the patient’s diet. At the same time an increase of nearly 9% in muscle bulk was shown. At the time this study showed great promise as a “magic bullet” for treatment of the obese.
However, subsequent studies showed very little change in weight and/or muscle bulk and in 2003 the New England Journal Of Medicine itself reported this and indeed inferred that the report in 1990 was inaccurate and should not be relied upon.
This has not deterred people from buying and using HGH both for weight loss and for muscle building.There is no evidence that athletic performance is improved in any way and HGH is banned in many sports and in the Olympics.
HGH Benefit Claims
The companies that supply these products claim all sorts of wonders including anti-aging, better sex, hair re-growth, better memory, increased vitality, reducing weight and so on, In fact, almost anything that might be associated with having a younger body and being a younger and fitter person!
Some people buy HGH products from the internet and elsewhere in oral tablet form and sprays. However, taken in tablet form HGH is actually digested before it can be absorbed into the body’s system. Thus there is no benefit whatsoever to be gained by using such products orally and indeed the possible side effects outweigh any benefit that could theoretically be obtained.
HGH Oral Sprays – The Safe Alternative
Oral sprays, however, deliver HGH through the oral mucosa and a certain amount of HGH does get into the system. It triggers the liver to produce more IGF-1 which is the source of increased invigoration. Homeopathic HGH oral sprays can be obtained legally without a prescription over the internet.
The side effects reported in men taking injected HGH include swelling of the arms and legs caused by water retention, carpal tunnel syndrome, joint and muscle pain (again caused by water retention), increased growth of the breast tissue (usually referred to as gynecomastia), and insulin resistance. These effects are also noticeably more apparent in older people.
Some studies have shown that HGH can lead to increased heart problems, diabetes, and even certain cancers.
HGH And The Federal Drug Administration (FDA)
HGH is not approved by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) for use as a weight loss product not only because there is very little evidence that it works but also because of the cost which comes to about $1,000 per month for four injections.
However, HGH injections, usually administered once a week, are approved by the FDA for people who are having organ transplants, as a treatment for muscle-wasting in AIDS patients, and for both children and adults who have a deficiency. Injections are only available with a prescription and must be administered by a trained professional.